GLOSSARY & LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
AFO
Ankle Foot Orthosis
AK
Above-knee
Alignment
The degree to which the parts of a prosthesis or orthosis fits into the correct position with the user's body and with one another.
Amputee
A person whose limb or part of limb has been amputated
Ankle foot
Artificial foot having a hinge moveable like an ankle movement
Assistive devices
Also known as technical aids, assistive equipment or assistive technology, are items that can directly enable people with disabilities to participate in the activities of daily life.
BK
Below-Knee
Brace
See orthosis.
Caliper
See orthosis.
Caries spine
Tuberculosis of the vertebral bodies of the spine.
CBR
Community-based rehabilitation.
Cerebral Palsy
It is caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring during fetal development, or during infancy.  It can also occur before, during or shortly following birth.
CP Chair
Required for cp children for proper posture
CP
See cerebral palsy.
Disability
A disability is any restriction or lack (resulting from impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.
Down's syndrome
A common genetic disorder in which a child is born with forty-seven rather than forty-six chromosomes, resulting in developmental delays, mental retardation, low muscle tone, and other possible effects.
Electrotherapy
Medical therapy using electric currents. Also called electrotherapeutics.
Endoskeletal prosthesis
A lower-limb prosthesis whose strength comes from a central tube, or pylon, on the inside of it. A covering usually made of foam or polypropylene provides the shape and appearance of the prosthesis.
Exoskeletal prosthesis
A prosthesis in which the shank is shaped like a leg and forms the outside of the prosthesis.
Foot-drop
The condition that causes a foot to drop downward so that only the toes touch the ground when the foot is lifted. It results from the effect of gravity on a weak ankle.
Gait
Pattern of walking
Handicap
A handicap is a disadvantage for a given individual, resulting from an impairment or a disability, that limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that is normal (depending on age, sex, and social and cultural factors) for that individual.
Hip Disarticulation
HD is the surgical removal of the entire lower limb at the hip level. A traditional hip disarticulation is done by separating the ball from the socket of the hip joint, while a modified version retains a small portion of the proximal (upper) femur to improve the contours of the hip disarticulation for sitting.
HKAFO
Hip Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis
Impairment
Impairment is any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function.
Insert
A prosthetic liner in contact with the skin
KAFO
Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis
Keel
A solid piece, located in the central part of a prosthetic foot, around, which the whole foot is moulded.
Levels of amputation
sites of surgical removal of limb
Mental retardation
Mental retardation is a developmental disability that is marked by lower-than-normal intelligence and limited daily living skills. Mental retardation is normally present at birth or develops early in life.
Modular
Made of a number of smaller, units (modules) which can be assembled in a workshop to make a complete device. Each module is interchangeable with other modules having the same or similar function
Myoelectric hand
An artificial hand, which uses electrodes to pick up muscle contractions in the stump, using these for  movement.
NGO
Non-Governmental Organization
Orthosis
An orthopedic appliance or apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body. Orthoses are also called braces or calipers. Plural orthoses
Orthotics
Related to the field of orthoseis
Para walkers
Frame like assistive devices used by those having both legs paralyzed.
Physiotherapy
The treatment of disease, bodily defects, bodily weaknesses or injury by physical means, such as massage or exercises, rather than by drugs
Polio
Abbreviation for poliomyelitis, (also infantile paralysis) an acute and sometimes devastating disease caused by a virus. Man is the only natural host for polio virus. The virus enters the mouth and multiplies in lymphoid tissues in the throat and intestine. Small numbers of virus enter the blood and go to other sites where the virus multiplies more extensively. Another round of viremia (virus in the bloodstream) leads to invasion of the central nervous system (CNS), the spinal cord and brain, the target sites struck by the virus.
POP
Plaster of Paris
Prosthesis
A device, which replaces a missing body part to restore its function and appearance, such as an artificial limb. Plural prostheses
PTB
Patellar-Tendon-Bearing
PVC
Polyvinyl chloride
Pylon
See endoskeletal prosthesis.
Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation includes all measures aimed at reducing the impact of disabling and handicapping conditions and enabling the disabled and handicapped to achieve "Social Integration". This aim can never be achieved if different professionals work in isolation. So it is of paramount important that all professionals responsible for the rehabilitation of disables, work in close collaboration as a "Team".
Resins
a resin having a polymeric structure, a glassy thermoplastic; can be cast and molded or used in coatings and adhesives
SACH foot
'Solid Ankle Cushion Heel ' type of foot.
SCI
Spinal-Cord Injury
Scoliosis
A sidewise curve in the spinal column.
Shank
The structural member that connects the foot-ankle assembly of a lower-limb prosthesis to the socket or the knee unit.  The primary purpose of a shank is to transfer the load of body weight to the foot and the ground surface.                  
Short wave diathermy
The therapeutic elevation of temperature in the tissues by means of an oscillating electric current of extremely high frequency like use of shortwave frequency electromagnetic waves
Socket
The portion of an artificial limb which comes in contact with a stump. It is shaped to hold the stump.
Splint
See orthosis. Small orthoses, especially for upper extremities, are also called splints.
Stump
The remaining portion of an amputated limb, which comes into contact with an artificial limb.
Syndrome
An abnormal condition or disease that is identified by an established group of signs and symptoms.
TD
Terminal Device meaning the artificial hand or artificial foot in a prosthesis
Team
All professionals responsible for the rehabilitation of disables work in close collaboration as a "Team". Professionals include physician or surgeon, orthotic or prosthetic professional, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, nursing staff and social worker.
Thermoplastics
A type of plastic, which becomes soft on heating as many times as required.
Transpelvic amputation
It is the removal of the entire lower limb, plus a portion of the pelvic bones.
Ultrasound therapy
A mode of electrotherapy in which ultrasound waves are used externally to treat some ailments.
Walkers
Types of assistive devices used to assist or learning walking.
WHO
World Health Organization
 

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